Polymerase Chain Reaction is a scientific technique in genetics to generate in-vitro copies of short DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) sequences. With PCR it is possible to produce billions of clones of tiny amounts of genetic information (DNA) within a few hours. Areas of application include DNA profiling, the Human Genome Project for decoding human genetic information, and medical diagnostic. For the determination of infectious pathogens, PCR has the advantage, compared to other methods, of allowing early and reliable diagnosis easily and rapidly. In addition, PCR can monitor the development speed of infections.
The A-to-Z database provides information on each pathogen, the most common infections that it triggers, its main transmission paths and recommendations on disinfection. In the glossary, you will find explanations of infection control terms. Search now!