Pathogens

Zika virus
(enveloped virus)

Enveloped viruses
These viruses have glycoproteins on their envelope, which are potential targets for external influences.

Zika virus is an enveloped virus in the Flaviviridae family.

It is endemic in South-East Asia, but only rarely causes disorders. Individual imported infections were found in tourists in Japan, Canada and Germany. Currently, infection rates are strongly increasing in the Caribbean and South America, particularly in Brazil.

The majority of cases are mild. Most frequent symptoms include fever, maculopapular exanthema, conjunctivitis, joint and headache, and distal oedema. In rare cases, complications with neurological symptoms or autoimmune reactions may occur. The virus can cause congenital skull, brain and joint anomalies.

Zika virus is mainly transmitted by infected mosquitoes of the Aedes genus, but also sexually.

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Knowledge Database

The A-to-Z database provides information on each pathogen, the most common infections that it triggers, its main transmission paths and recommendations on disinfection. In the glossary, you will find explanations of infection control terms. Search now!

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