Coronaviruses are enveloped viruses within the family of Coronaviridae.
They may cause respiratory tract infection or gastrointestinal tract infection. Additionally, coronaviruses are responsible for colds and bronchitis in humans.
In December 2019, several cases of pneumonia caused by a novel corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) were reported in Wuhan City (China). Diseases caused by SARS-CoV-2 are called COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019).
Further reported coronavirus outbreaks:
In 2003, a new coronavirus was identified: SARS-CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus), causing an atypical form of pneumonia. In 2012, another new coronavirus was detected: MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus), causing pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
Transmission mainly occurs via droplets or particles in the air.
» Necessary spectrum of antimicrobial activity
Virucidal acitivity against enveloped viruses