Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV)
(nonenveloped virus)

Nonenveloped virus
Hard to crack: molecules need to penetrate into the interior of the viruses to destroy them.

Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is a nonenveloped virus belonging to the family of Picornaviridae. It has the form of an icosahedral capsid (spherical shape).

FMDV affects ruminants and other cloven-hoofed animals. It causes blisters on mucous membranes and on the coronary band above the hoof. It is very rare that this virus is transmitted to humans. If so, transmission primarily occurs due to contact with infected animals.

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