Glossary

Hepatitis C virus (HCV)

Hepatitis C virus (HCV)

Most common cause (80 - 90 %) of post-transfusion hepatitis; may also be transmitted via sexual contact. Incidence/relevance: HCV is found in 5.5 % of healthcare personnel. After alcoholism, HCV is the most frequent cause of cirrhosis and cancer of the liver. After skin injury, up to 10 % of the people concerned test positive for HCV. Its relevance to healthcare staff is mainly due to the fact that – in contrast to HBV – up to now there is no vaccine available.

Note: Since 2004, a disinfection procedure's activity against HCV is approved when it is "virucidal against enveloped viruses".

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The A-to-Z database provides information on each pathogen, the most common infections that it triggers, its main transmission paths and recommendations on disinfection. In the glossary, you will find explanations of infection control terms. Search now!

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