Most common cause (80 - 90 %) of post-transfusion hepatitis; may also be transmitted via sexual contact. Incidence/relevance: HCV is found in 5.5 % of healthcare personnel. After alcoholism, HCV is the most frequent cause of cirrhosis and cancer of the liver. After skin injury, up to 10 % of the people concerned test positive for HCV. Its relevance to healthcare staff is mainly due to the fact that – in contrast to HBV – up to now there is no vaccine available.
Note: Since 2004, a disinfection procedure's activity against HCV is approved when it is "virucidal against enveloped viruses".