Pathogens

Corynebacterium spp.
(bacterium)

Rod-shaped bacteria (bacilli)
Curved, straight or bean-shaped: bacilli come in many variants and are widely spread.

Corynebacterium spp. are Gram-positive, aerobic bacteria of the Corynebacteriaceae family.

They occur in nature (e.g. soils and water) and are often part of the normal human and animal skin flora and mucous membranes.

Corynebacterium spp. may trigger pharyngitis and endocarditis as well as infection of the prostate, gastrointestinal tract and the skin. Some species also occur in the context of nosocomial infections. And some corynebacteria are pathogenic to animals.

Well-known species are Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, Corynebacterium ulcerans and Corynebacterium jeikeium. Less important is Corynebacterium mucifaciens.

Main transmission paths is direct or indirect contact with contaminated persons or objects. Some species are transmitted via droplets or particles in the air (e.g. C. ulcerans and C. diphtheriae).

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Knowledge Database

The A-to-Z database provides information on each pathogen, the most common infections that it triggers, its main transmission paths and recommendations on disinfection. In the glossary, you will find explanations of infection control terms. Search now!

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