Herpes simplex virus is classified in two types: herpes simplex virus type 1 and herpes simplex virus type 2. The viruses are enveloped, have the shape of icosahedral capsids (spherical shape), and belong to the Herpesviridae family.
The two virus types cause different symptoms. Primary infection with type 1 is most common and causes painful blisters, e.g. on lips, nose or in eyes. Herpes simplex virus type 2 produces most genital herpes.
The main transmission path is direct or indirect contact with contaminated persons or objects.
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