The Human enterovirus 71 belongs to the Picornaviridae and it is closely related to Coxsackievirus A 16. The single-stranded RNA-virus is found all over the world and it mainly occurs in late summer and autumn.
The Human enterovirus 71 causes hand, foot and mouth disease, aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, interstitial pneumonia and myocarditis, especially in infants and young children.
The main transmission path is direct or indirect contact with contaminated persons or objects.
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