Klebsiella pneumoniae is a facultative anaerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium in the Enterobacteriaceae family.
Most frequent Klebsiella pneumoniae infections include lower respiratory tract infection and catheter-associated urinary tract infection.
Due to its beta-lactamases, Klebsiella pneumoniae is increasingly resistant to penicillin and ampicillin. Additionally, the bacterium belongs to the ESBL-producing strains (ESBL = extended-spectrum beta-lactamase) and hence is increasingly multi-resistant to antibiotics with broad spectrum of activity such as cephalosporin or ceftazidim.
The main transmission path is direct or indirect contact with contaminated persons or objects.
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