Pediculus humanus capitis is a wingless insect belonging to the family of Pediculidae (human lice).
The bites related to lice infestation may cause skin reactions (itching, scratching, dermatoses, and allergies). Additionally, the parasite may transmit the pathogens Rickettsia prowazekii (epidemic typhus) and Bartonella quintana (five-day fever).
The main transmission path is direct or indirect contact with contaminated persons or objects.
For a successful inactivation of parasites, specific disinfectants effective against parasites are required.